An emancipated minor can assume adult responsibilities before reaching the age of 18, and they are no longer under the control or care of their parents. In this article, you will learn how the emancipation process works, and the liabilities and responsibilities that are part of emancipation for minors.
Explaining the Emancipation Process
If a child has not reached the age of majority (18 in most states), their parent or legal guardian is responsible for their care and welfare. Parents are expected to provide children with clothing, food and shelter, and they can decide where the child resides, goes to school, and gets medical care. If a child is emancipated, parents no longer have any control over their life, and the child can keep job earnings, decide where to reside, and make their own medical decisions.
What an Emancipated Minor Can (and Can’t) Do
An emancipated minor has essentially the same rights and responsibilities as an adult, though specifics vary by state. In most cases, an emancipated child can:
- Enter into a legal contract, such as a house rental or purchase
- Enroll in a school of their choosing
- Be sued, or bring a suit in court
- Apply for work permits and keep income
- Make health care decisions, such as those related to birth control and abortion
Most states have limits on the rights of emancipated minors. In most places, they cannot get married without parental permission, drop out of school, drink or buy liquor, get a driver’s license before they are of age, or vote.
How a Child can Become Emancipated
Eligibility requirements differ according to state law, but typically, minors can become emancipated by getting married, joining the armed forces, or by the permission of the court. Some states/territories (Puerto Rico and Louisiana) allow emancipation by parental consent.
Alternatives to Emancipation Sullivan Indiana
There are a variety of reasons why a child may want to be emancipated. In some cases, a young person has been abused, and some wealthy young people seek emancipation for tax reasons. Emancipated minors have most of the responsibilities and rights shared by adults, and if you are considering the process, learn about the law–and hire a lawyer from Feavel-Law.com to help you with the process.
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