What is high cholesterol? What are normal cholesterol levels, and which is good and which is bad? How to prevent from getting elevated levels? All the information you need can be found in this section or by visiting your local Family Practice Physician in Andover Kansas.
What is cholesterol? Cholesterol is a fatty substance naturally present in all cells and is necessary for normal body functioning. Most cholesterol is produced in the liver, but also obtained through certain foods. Doctors define its role:
• Involved in the formation of vital bile acids for digestion of fats.
• Transform sunlight into vitamin D to protect the skin from chemicals and avoid dehydration.
• From certain hormones, such as thyroid.
Blood drives cholesterol from the intestine and liver to organs in need and makes lipoproteins. There are two types of lipoproteins:
• Low-Density (LDL): These are responsible for transporting cholesterol from the liver back to all the cells of the body.
• High-density lipoproteins (HDL) collect unused cholesterol and returns it to the liver for excretion storage or out through the bile.
According to this interaction, a Family Practice Physician in Andover Kansas can speak of two types of cholesterol Bad cholesterol is cholesterol by binding to the LDL particle and deposited in artery walls and form atherosclerotic plaques. Good cholesterol binds to the HDL particle and carries excess cholesterol back to the liver to be destroyed.
What are the risk factors? If your blood levels are elevated, the body may produce hypercholesterolemia. It is shown that people with blood cholesterol levels of 240 or more have twice the risk of suffering a heart attack than those with numbers 200. When cells are unable to absorb all of the cholesterol circulating in the blood, the excess is deposited on the wall of the artery and contributes to progressive narrowing causing atherosclerosis.
Cholesterol has no symptoms or physical signs, so diagnosis can only be made by a blood test to determine cholesterol and triglyceride levels. It is desirable that people with risk for dyslipidemia (alteration of normal levels of these fats), with a family with ischemic heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases, undergo this test at an early age. Click here to learn more.
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