We all want to live healthy, pain free and disease free lives. But most of us will at some point suffer some injury, illness or surgery that might affect our lives by curtailing mobility, inflicting episodes of pain or causing some loss in our faculties such as cognition, speech etc. Physical Medicine and rehabilitation is that branch of medicine that aims to enhance and restore functional ability and quality of life to those who are undergoing various impairments and ailments. Physical rehabilitation can be called upon to treat patients young and old. According to the types of physical medicine and rehab available the six sub-specializations that are formally recognized in the US include:
- Hospice and Palliative Medicine – mainly concerned with elderly patients for symptom management, relief of suffering and end-of-life care
- Neuromuscular Medicine
- Pain Medicine
- Pediatric Rehab
- Spinal Cord Injury Medicine
- Sports Medicine
Besides the above mentioned broad categories, a physical rehabilitation program may also help in pain management for musculoskeletal pain, surgery related pain or rehab, Rheumatological rehab, Lifestyle disease modification in the treatment of obesity etc., amputee care, cardiopulmonary rehab etc.
Today stress related illnesses cause man-hours lost at the work place and debilitating terms of incapacity for patients and sufferers. Low back pain affects around 80% of Americans during their lifetime. Physical therapy is advised for long term benefits and pain relief with specific exercises that mobilize the spine and alleviate the pain. Physical rehabilitation is an alternative to surgery and medication for musculoskeletal pain. Knee and joint pains are also on the rise among the population, as the general public becomes more sedentary and overweight. Instead of costly and traumatic surgery, you might consider physical therapy together with comprehensive medical management to relieve the pain associated with moderate to severe osteoarthritis of the knee. Avoiding surgery and injury is one of the aims of an exercise program designed by physical therapists at your physical rehab center.
Another major concern for most of us is weight management. Obesity and diabetes is a serious condition that afflicts millions of Americans. The number of children who are suffering from obesity and diabetes is alarmingly higher than ever before. Physical rehabilitation centers offer guidance on weight loss management, dietary counseling, dance performance and other conditioning exercises to help you or your child lose weight in a healthy sustainable manner. Certified personal trainers can help you recondition your body when you seek physical rehabilitation. Philadelphia- based rehab centers offer state of the art treatment for patients of all ages.
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